If you’re choosing ip rated downlight for your bathroom, you really need to take great care. There are strict regulations around the sort of lights you can use, and of course, you need to be sure that they are safe. In this article we look at what are IP rated downlights.
What is an IP rated?
IP (in IP Rating) stands for Ingress Progression. This is a simple way of indicating how well protected the light is from external influence. The IP rating determines if an electrical product’s exterior case will protect the working parts from water or solid object intrusion. IP testing should always be performed at an accredited test laboratory and includes repeatedly testing the standards to ensure protection.
Below is a complete overview of the different IP values:
- IP0X – no protection
- IP1X – protection against contact with objects larger than 5 cm, such as a hand
- IP2X – protection against contact with objects larger than 1.25 cm, such as a finger
- IP3X – protection against contact with objects larger than 2.5 mm, such as a wire
- IP4X – protection against contact with objects larger than 1 mm
- IP5X – fairly dust-free
- IP6X – 100% dust resistant
- IPX0 – no protection
- IPX1 – protection against vertical drops
- IPX2 – protection against drops at an angle of up to 15°
- IPX3 – protection against splash water * at an angle of up to 60°
- IPX4 – protection against splash water from every angle
- IPX5 – protection against spray water ** from every angle
- IPX6 – protection against powerful spray water and waves
- IPX7 – temporary protection against immersion (30 min)
- IPX8 – complete protection against immersion
Where can IP rated downlights be used?
The IP rating of your downlights relates to where they can be used in the bathroom. Think of the bathroom as being split into different zones, rather than being one whole space. In the image below, we can see the different zones in the bathroom. These relate to the likelihood of water being around the product.
This is inside the bath or the shower itself. Any fitting here must be low voltage (max 12v) and be rated at least IP67 (total immersion proof).
This is the area above the shower or bath, to a height of 2.25m from the floor. Here the minimum rating required is IP46, but it is generally better to go higher – to IP65.
This is the area stretching 0.6m outside of the perimeter of the bath and to a height of 2.25m from the floor. An IP rating of at least IP44 is required here. It is also good to consider the area around a sink, within a 60cm of any tap to be considered as zone 2.
These are anywhere outside zones 0,1 and 2 and where no water jet is likely to be used. There are no specific IP requirements for this zone, however it is recommended that you consider a light with an IP rating of at least 20. If you are likely to use water jets for cleaning, you should use a fitting with a minimum of IP65.
You also can search many types of IP65 downlight for your bathroom at our product range.